Water is needed by crops for them to survive. During rainy seasons, crops get the water they need from the rainfall. Watering is important to the crops when it is not raining. Irrigation is a method which can be used to water these crops when it is not raining. Supplying of the water to the different crops during irrigation is done by a sprinkler. Also, pumps, valves, and pipes are needed during irrigation. For you to irrigate your crops effectively, you need to have a good irrigation sprinkler. The sprinkler should be of good quality and large enough to supply to the whole garden.
Irrigation has been done for many years by crop growers. Crops are irrigated using different irrigation methods. However, not all irrigation methods are effective. Therefore, you need to choose an irrigation method which is effective for your garden. You also need to know the different irrigation methods before settling on the one to use in your garden. For your irrigation to be effective, a number of things have to be put into consideration. Some of the things which need to be considered when doing irrigation are discussed below.
Consider the type of soil in the garden where the crops are grown. The irrigation method to be used is determined by the type of soil. The number of times in a day in which the crops should be irrigated is also determined by the type of soil available in the garden. For instance, sandy soils require frequent irrigation at a high pressure to keep the moisture in the root zone. Irrigation should not be done frequently on clay soil since clay soil holds water and so frequent irrigation will cause water runoff. A lot of water should not be used during irrigation if your garden has clay soil.
Put the land topography into consideration. A structure of the land is what is known as the land’s topography. A land can either be flat, hilly or sloppy. You will be able to prevent water from being wasted during irrigation when you know how your land is structured. For instance if the land is flat, drip irrigation is the best since the water will run along topographic lines. To avoid water wastage, pivot and traveler systems should not be used if your land is sloppy or hilly.
Consider the type of crops grown when you are irrigating. The tools used for irrigation are expensive. Therefore, a lot of money is spent on irrigation, and so you need to irrigate high-value crops. Valuable crops such as fruits and vegetables are the plants which should be irrigated. Above are some of the factors which should be considered when irrigating your crops.